Bali Island – a wonderful place, which many consider a true paradise on earth. The varied landscape of the island: beautiful sandy beaches, barren volcanic slopes, hills and mountains covered with lush vegetation, magnificent waterfalls, lush rice terraces, diverse underwater world – all this attracts thousands of tourists from around the world.
However, it is worth noting that a great nature – this is not all, what may surprise paradise island. Bright, colorful and deeply spiritual culture of Bali is unusually rich in ancient treasures, including the magnificent monuments of architecture – the Hindu temples.
Bali island is called the “island of thousand temples” or “Island of the Gods”, and this is not accidental. The religious beliefs of the Balinese combines Hinduism, Buddhism and ancestor worship. Here, in a relatively small area of 5633 square km., there are at least 11,000 churches. These temples are large and small, local family having a value or a value nationwide shrines, revered by the inhabitants of the whole of Indonesia.
Today we will focus on a number of bright and highly revered shrines of Bali.
Tanah Lot Temple – perhaps the most popular Bali temple, its original card. Balinese people call it “the Temple of Earth in the Ocean.” Miniature sanctuary when the tide turns in the tiny island, lapped by the waves of the ocean. This show is so fantastic, that’s not like anything else in the world.
Tanah Lot – one of the seven sacred sea temples, located in such a way that each successive seen from the above. Temples “Seven” to protect the island from the evil spirits of the ocean, blocking their path.
Tanah Lot Temple was founded in the 16th century, traveling priest Nirarthoy. According to legend, Nirartha came to this place, driven by the bright light emanating from the ocean. When the priest arrived, he saw that the light does not come from the water and from the small picturesque island connected to the mainland by a sandy spit. Some time Nirartha spent on the island, in the future, meet with local fishermen, it is recommended to establish a temple here, as the place is best suited for the worship of the gods.
Uluwatu Temple – a magnificent sea temple, situated at an altitude of 97 meters above sea level, on the edge of a cliff. Uluwatu is one of six islands and is the proud title of the most important temples – “majestic temple on the edge of the Earth.”
Pura Uluwatu was founded in the 11th century Balinese holy Mpu Kuturaev and dedicated to the goddess of the seas – Devi Louth. This church, like many others in Bali, is also associated with the name of the legendary Brahmin Nirarthi, who lived here in the 16th century. In memory of him in the temple was built three-tiered pagoda, in the place where the prophet achieved enlightenment (nirvana).
The temple complex Pura Dalem Agung Padangtegal or “Temple of the Dead” is located in the depths of the Sacred Monkey Forest. The sacred forest is a nature reserve, home to “keepers” of the temple – Long-tailed macaque.
The history of the church belonging to the community of Padang Tegal, has no less than six centuries.
“Temple of the Dead” is considered to be a haven of dark forces and evil spirits. Entrance to the temple is guarded by statues of the widow-witch Rangda, everywhere you can see other sculptures symbolizing the underworld.
Visitors, tourists can not enter into the interior of the temple, but that does not stop to admire the extraordinary beauty of the temple complex: Drum Tower kulkul of red bricks, elaborately carved sculptures Bhoma and legendary bird garuda.
Ulun Danu – the main sea Bali temple, located on a beautiful lake Bratan. Lake Bratan is located in the heart of the island at the foot of the majestic mountains of Gunung Catur, surrounded by magnificent tropical forests. The architecture of the temple complex – many pagodas with tiered roofs, unusually harmoniously into the picturesque landscape, creating an atmosphere of serenity and peace.
Ulun Danu Temple was built in the 17th century. There is a legend according to which the church was built, armourers, forged for the soldiers and the royal dynasty.
Translated, ulun – means “heart” and danu – “Lake”. Ulun Danu temple dedicated to the goddess of the sacred lake – Ida Batara Ulun Danu Davy. Balinese people honor life-giving power of the sacred waters of the lake, worshiping Devi Dan, and bring gifts to the goddess, praying for prosperity and welfare.
Barong – one of the favorite dances of residents and guests of the island of Bali, which can be seen everywhere. This dance – an exciting dramatic action, telling the struggle between good and evil. Barong – a mythical creature, a representative of the world of good, battling the witch Rangda, personifying evil. Of course, in this fight, win the power of good, which is marked by a spectacular final dance with daggers Chris.
Tirta Empul – one of the six most important temples in Bali, with more than thousand-year history. Creating a temple “sacred water” dates back to 926 AD. According to legend, the sacred source that has caused the foundation of the temple, was created by the Aryan god Indra, endowed with its healing properties.
Rectangular pools filled with the waters of the sacred spring 12 fountains. The Tirta Empule bath in the miraculous waters is done by a special ritual: it is necessary to pass through almost all sources, praying and plunging headlong into the water by drinking out of every 11 small sips. Among the sources of “live” healing water, there are two that are not intended for human beings, they are used for ritual ablutions upokoit Balinese.
Mother Temple of Besakih – this is the most important and largest temple in Bali, located at the foot of the dormant volcano Gunung Agung.
Pura Besakih is a temple complex, consisting of 22 temples. Temple buildings arranged in the form of terraces and leads to the main shrine, called Pura Agung Penataran.
Creating a temple dating back to the 11th century, it required the use of force all the kingdoms of Bali due to the massive structure. The area occupied by the temple ensemble is no more nor less than 3 kilometers.
To this day, Pura Besakih – located in the most important religious ceremonies on the island. Once a year, in October, is held here Piodalalan celebration every ten years – Panca Wali Krama, and once in a hundred years – Ekadasa Rudra, a grand ceremony of expelling evil spirits.
Pura Pulaka Temple – the largest Hindu temple in Bali, located in the northern part of the island, 48 km away west of the city of Singaraja.
The temple was founded in honor of the Hindu prophet Nirartha who visited Bali in the early 16th century. In 1983 Pura Pulaka was renovated and got amazing beauty gate of black stone.
Pura Pulaka is located in a picturesque location just 25 meters from the sea, surrounded by tropical forest, home to hordes of monkeys – “guardians” of the temple.
Pura Saken Temple – one of the six most important for the Balinese temples. It is located in the northern part of the small island of Pulau Serangan (Turtle Island) right on the beach.
Saken construction of the temple belongs to 1250, during the reign of Raja Sri Mosul, Mosul. Pura Saken was laid Balinese Brahmana Mpu Katuranom. Later, in the 15th century the church was completed a famous Hindu priest Nirarthoy.
Every year in Pura Saken celebrate prosperity, at this time here attracts hundreds of pilgrims from all over Bali.
Pura Rambut Siwi – “Temple worship hair.” The history of this ancient coastal temple is closely associated with Hindu priest Nirarthoy (Danghyang Nirartha). There are still kept the hair and clothing of the prophet, enclosed in a box of sandalwood and buried inside the central pagoda temple.
Rambut Siwi Temple – one of the most beautiful temples of Bali, it is located on a cliff, offering spectacular views of the paddy fields on one side and the magnificent black sand beaches on the other.
Taman Ayun – one of the most beautiful temples of Bali. This is not surprising, because in literal translation “Taman Ayun” means “beautiful garden”. Taman Ayun Temple was built in 1634 by King Mengwi as a symbol of the United Kingdom. It is located 18 kilometers west of Denpasar, near the village of Mengwi. The temple complex consists of many beautiful pagodas surrounded by wide channels. Pagoda symbolizes the sacred mountain for the Balinese Mehameru – shelter of the Supreme Deity and the souls of the dead ancestors. Taman Ayun Temple is a true jewel of Balinese culture, unique architectural style and serene beauty that fascinates.
The ancient and mysterious temple of Goa-Lawah, known as the “cave temple Bat”, was built in 1007. The sanctuary of the temple is a magnificent sample of Balinese architecture, made of black stone of volcanic rock and richly inlaid with gold.
Goa-Lawah Temple among the six most important temples in Bali, and enjoyed special respect not only the Balinese, and the inhabitants of the whole of Indonesia.
Of course, there was the name of the temple is not accidental: in the cave, located just behind the temple, home to tens of thousands of bats, Balinese revered as sacred beings. In the evening, as soon as dusk, the monks bring to the entrance of the cave generous treat for its holy inhabitants.
Resident of bats – a place a little creepy, it consists of a chain of caves, going deep into. According to legend, an underground passage about 30 kilometers long connects the cave with bats mostly Balinese temple – Besakih.